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CIS Controls Navigator

Use this page to learn more about the Controls and Safeguards and see how they map to other security standards. Click on a row to see all related, applicable standards.


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CSA Cloud Controls Matrix v4 
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Background Screening Policy and Procedures
Audit and Assurance Policy and Procedures
Independent Assessments
Risk Based Planning Assessment
Requirements Compliance
Audit Management Process
This one is missing from mapping
Application and Interface Security Policy and Procedures
Application Security Baseline Requirements
Application Security Metrics
Secure Application Design and Development
Automated Application Security Testing
Automated Secure Application Deployment
Application Vulnerability Remediation
Business Continuity Management Policy and Procedures
Risk Assessment and Impact Analysis
Business Continuity Strategy
Business Continuity Planning
Documentation
Business Continuity Exercises
Communication
Backup
Disaster Response Plan
Response Plan Exercise
Equipment Redundancy
Change Management Policy and Procedures
Quality Testing
Change Management Technology
Unauthorized Change Protection
Change Agreements
Change Management Baseline
Detection of Baseline Deviation
Exception Management
Change Restoration
Encryption and Key Management Policy and Procedures
CEK Roles and Responsibilities
Data Encryption
Encryption Algorithm
Encryption Change Management
Encryption Change Cost Benefit Analysis
Encryption Risk Management
CSC Key Management Capabiility
Encryption and Key Management Audit
Key Generation
Key Purpose
Key Rotation
Key Revocation
Key Destruction
Key Activation
Key Suspension
Key Deactivation
Key Archival
Key Compromise
Key Recovery
Key Inventory Management
Off-Site Equipment Disposal Policy and Procedures
Off-Site Transfer Authorization Policy and Procedures
Secure Area Policy and Procedures
Secure Media Transportation Policy and Procedures
Assets Classification
Assets Cataloguing and Tracking
Controlled Access Points
Equipment Identification
Secure Area Authorization
Surveillance System
Unauthorized Access Response Training
Cabling Security
Environmental Systems
Secure Utilities
Equipment Location
Security and Privacy Policy and Procedures
Secure Disposal
Data Inventory
Data Classification
Data Flow Documentation
Data Ownership and Stewardship
Data Protection by Design and Default
Data Privacy by Design and Default
Data Protection Impact Assessment
Personal Data Access, Reversal, Rectification and Deletion
Limitation of Purpose in Personal Data Processing
Personal Data Sub-processing
Disclosure of Data Sub-processors
Limitation of Production Data Use
Data Retention and Deletion
Sensitive Data Protection
Disclosure Notification
Data Location
Governance Program Policy and Procedures
Risk Management Program
Organizational Policy Reviews
Policy Exception Process
Information Security Program
Governance Responsibility Model
Information System Regulatory Mapping
Special Interest Groups
Acceptable Use of Technology Policy and Procedures
Clean Desk Policy and Procedures
Remote and Home Working Policy and Procedures
Asset returns
Employment Termination
Employment Agreement Process
Employment Agreement Content
Personnel Roles and Responsibilities
Non-Disclosure Agreements
Security Awareness Training
Personal and Sensitive Data Awareness and Training
Compliance User Responsibility
Identity and Access Management Policy and Procedures
Strong Password Policy and Procedures
Identity Inventory
Separation of Duties
Least Privilege
User Access Provisioning
User Access Changes and Revocation
User Access Review
Segregation of Privileged Access Roles
Management of Privileged Access Roles
CSCs Approval for Agreed Privileged Access Roles
Safeguard Logs Integrity
Uniquely Identifiable Users
Strong Authentication
Passwords Management
Authorization Mechanisms
Interoperability and Portability Policy and Procedures
Application Interface Availability
Secure Interoperability and Portability Management
Data Portability Contractual Obligations
Infrastructure and Virtualization Security Policy and Procedures
Capacity and Resource Planning
Network Security
OS Hardening and Base Controls
Production and Non-Production Environments
Segmentation and Segregation
Migration to Cloud Environments
Network Architecture Documentation
Network Defense
Logging and Monitoring Policy and Procedures
Audit Logs Protection
Security Monitoring and Alerting
Audit Logs Access and Accountability
Audit Logs Monitoring and Response
Clock Synchronization
Logging Scope
Log Records
Log Protection
Encryption Monitoring and Reporting
Transaction/Activity Logging
Access Control Logs
Failures and Anomalies Reporting
Security Incident Management Policy and Procedures
Service Management Policy and Procedures
Incident Response Plans
Incident Response Testing
Incident Response Metrics
Event Triage Processes
Security Breach Notification
Points of Contact Maintenance
SSRM Policy and Procedures
SSRM Supply Chain
SSRM Guidance
SSRM Control Ownership
SSRM Documentation Review
SSRM Control Implementation
Supply Chain Inventory
Supply Chain Risk Management
Primary Service and Contractual Agreement
Supply Chain Agreement Review
Internal Compliance Testing
Supply Chain Service Agreement Compliance
Supply Chain Governance Review
Supply Chain Data Security Assessment
Threat and Vulnerability Management Policy and Procedures
Malware Protection Policy and Procedures
Vulnerability Remediation Schedule
Detection Updates
External Library Vulnerabilities
Penetration Testing
Vulnerability Identification
Vulnerability Prioritization
Vulnerability Management Reporting
Vulnerability Management Metrics
Endpoint Devices Policy and Procedures
Compatibility
Endpoint Inventory
Endpoint Management
Automatic Lock Screen
Operating Systems
Storage Encryption
Anti-Malware Detection and Prevention
Software Firewall
Data Loss Prevention
Remote Locate
Remote Wipe
Third-Party Endpoint Security Posture
CMMC 
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Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).
Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.
Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.
Control information posted or processed on publicly accessible information systems.
Provide privacy and security notices consistent with applicable CUI rules.
Limit use of portable storage devices on external systems.
Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.
Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.
Limit unsuccessful logon attempts.
Use session lock with pattern-hiding displays to prevent access and viewing of data after a period of inactivity.
Authorize wireless access prior to allowing such connections.
Monitor and control remote access sessions.
Route remote access via managed access control points.
Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.
Protect wireless access using authentication and encryption.
Employ cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of remote access sessions.
Separate the duties of individuals to reduce the risk of malevolent activity without collusion.
Prevent non-privileged users from executing privileged functions and capture the execution of such functions in audit logs.
Control connection of mobile devices.
Authorize remote execution of privileged commands and remote access to security relevant information.
Encrypt CUI on mobile devices and mobile computing platforms.
Control information flows between security domains on connected systems.
Periodically review and update CUI program access permissions.
Restrict remote network access based on organizationally defined risk factors such as time of day, location of access, physical location, network connection state, and measured properties of the current user and role.
Identify and mitigate risk associated with unidentified wireless access points connected to the network.
Define procedures for the handling of CUI data.
Employ a capability to discover and identify systems with specific component attributes (e.g., firmware level, OS type) within your inventory.
Ensure that managers, system administrators, and users of organizational systems are made aware of the security risks associated with their activities and of the applicable policies, standards, and procedures related to the security of those systems.
Ensure that personnel are trained to carry out their assigned information security related duties and responsibilities.
Provide security awareness training on recognizing and reporting potential indicators of insider threat.
Provide awareness training focused on recognizing and responding to threats from social engineering, advanced persistent threat actors, breaches, and suspicious behaviors; update the training at least annually or when there are significant changes to the threat.
Include practical exercises in awareness training that are aligned with current threat scenarios and provide feedback to individuals involved in the training.
Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.
Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.
Provide a system capability that compares and synchronizes internal system clocks with an authoritative source to generate time stamps for audit records.
Review audit logs.
Review and update logged events.
Alert in the event of an audit logging process failure.
Collect audit information (e.g., logs) into one or more central repositories.
Protect audit information and audit logging tools from unauthorized access, modification, and deletion.
Limit management of audit logging functionality to a subset of privileged users.
Correlate audit record review, analysis, and reporting processes for investigation and response to indications of unlawful, unauthorized, suspicious, or unusual activity.
Provide audit record reduction and report generation to support on-demand analysis and reporting.
Automate analysis of audit logs to identify and act on critical indicators (TTPs) and/or organizationally defined suspicious activity.
Review audit information for broad activity in addition to per-machine activity.
Identify assets not reporting audit logs and assure appropriate organizationally defined systems are logging.
Develop, document, and periodically update system security plans that describe system boundaries, system environments of operation, how security requirements are implemented, and the relationships with or connections to other systems.
Periodically assess the security controls in organizational systems to determine if the controls are effective in their application.
Develop and implement plans of action designed to correct deficiencies and reduce or eliminate vulnerabilities in organizational systems.
Monitor security controls on an ongoing basis to ensure the continued effectiveness of the controls.
Employ a security assessment of enterprise software that has been developed internally, for internal use, and that has been organizationally defined as an area of risk.
Create, maintain, and leverage a security strategy and roadmap for organizational cybersecurity improvement.
Conduct penetration testing periodically, leveraging automated scanning tools and ad hoc tests using human experts.
Periodically perform red teaming against organizational assets in order to validate defensive capabilities.
Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.
Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.
Control and monitor user installed software.
Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.
Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.
Analyze the security impact of changes prior to implementation.
Define, document, approve, and enforce physical and logical access restrictions associated with changes to organizational systems.
Restrict, disable, or prevent the use of nonessential programs, functions, ports, protocols, and services.
Apply deny-by-exception (blacklisting) policy to prevent the use of unauthorized software or deny-all, permitby- exception (whitelisting) policy to allow the execution of authorized software.
Employ application whitelisting and an application vetting process for systems identified by the organization.
Verify the integrity and correctness of security critical or essential software as defined by the organization (e.g., roots of trust, formal verification, or cryptographic signatures).
Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.
Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.
Enforce a minimum password complexity and change of characters when new passwords are created.
Prohibit password reuse for a specified number of generations.
Allow temporary password use for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password.
Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.
Obscure feedback of authentication information.
Use multifactor authentication for local and network access to privileged accounts and for network access to nonprivileged accounts.
Employ replay-resistant authentication mechanisms for network access to privileged and non-privileged accounts.
Prevent the reuse of identifiers for a defined period.
Disable identifiers after a defined period of inactivity.
Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities.
Detect and report events.
Develop and implement responses to declared incidents according to predefined procedures.
Perform root cause analysis on incidents to determine underlying causes.
Track, document, and report incidents to designated officials and/or authorities both internal and external to the organization.
Test the organizational incident response capability.
Use knowledge of attacker tactics, techniques, and procedures in incident response planning and execution.
Establish and maintain a security operations center capability that facilitates a 24/7 response capability.
Use a combination of manual and automated, real-time responses to anomalous activities that match incident patterns.
In response to cyber incidents, utilize forensic data gathering across impacted systems, ensuring the secure transfer and protection of forensic data.
Establish and maintain a cyber incident response team that can investigate an issue physically or virtually at any location within 24 hours.
Perform unannounced operational exercises to demonstrate technical and procedural responses.
Perform maintenance on organizational systems.
Provide controls on the tools, techniques, mechanisms, and personnel used to conduct system maintenance.
Require multifactor authentication to establish nonlocal maintenance sessions via external network connections and terminate such connections when nonlocal maintenance is complete.
Supervise the maintenance activities of personnel without required access authorization.
Ensure equipment removed for off-site maintenance is sanitized of any CUI.
Check media containing diagnostic and test programs for malicious code before the media are used in organizational systems.
Document the CMMC practices to implement the [DOMAIN NAME] policy.
Establish a policy that includes [DOMAIN NAME].
Establish, maintain, and resource a plan that includes [DOMAIN NAME].
Review and measure [DOMAIN NAME] activities for effectiveness.
Standardize and optimize a documented approach for [DOMAIN NAME] across all applicable organizational units.
Sanitize or destroy information system media containing Federal Contract Information before disposal or release for reuse.
Protect (i.e., physically control and securely store) system media containing CUI, both paper and digital.
Limit access to CUI on system media to authorized users.
Control the use of removable media on system components.
Mark media with necessary CUI markings and distribution limitations.
Prohibit the use of portable storage devices when such devices have no identifiable owner.
Control access to media containing CUI and maintain accountability for media during transport outside of controlled areas.
Implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of CUI stored on digital media during transport unless otherwise protected by alternative physical safeguards.
Limit physical access to organizational information systems, equipment, and the respective operating environments to authorized individuals.
Escort visitors and monitor visitor activity.
Maintain audit logs of physical access.
Control and manage physical access devices.
Protect and monitor the physical facility and support infrastructure for organizational systems.
Enforce safeguarding measures for CUI at alternate work sites.
Screen individuals prior to authorizing access to organizational systems containing CUI.
Ensure that organizational systems containing CUI are protected during and after personnel actions such as terminations and transfers.
Regularly perform and test data backups.
Protect the confidentiality of backup CUI at storage locations.
Regularly perform complete, comprehensive, and resilient data backups as organizationally defined.
Ensure information processing facilities meet organizationally defined information security continuity, redundancy, and availability requirements.
Periodically assess the risk to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, and individuals, resulting from the operation of organizational systems and the associated processing, storage, or transmission of CUI.
Scan for vulnerabilities in organizational systems and applications periodically and when new vulnerabilities affecting those systems and applications are identified.
Remediate vulnerabilities in accordance with risk assessments.
Periodically perform risk assessments to identify and prioritize risks according to the defined risk categories, risk sources, and risk measurement criteria.
Develop and implement risk mitigation plans.
Manage non-vendorsupported products (e.g., end of life) separately and restrict as necessary to reduce risk.
Develop and update as required, a plan for managing supply chain risks associated with the IT supply chain.
Catalog and periodically update threat profiles and adversary TTPs
Employ threat intelligence to inform the development of the system and security architectures, selection of security solutions, monitoring, threat hunting, and response and recovery activities.
Perform scans for unauthorized ports available across perimeter network boundaries over the organization's Internet network boundaries and other organizationally defined boundaries.
Utilize an exception process for non-whitelisted software that includes mitigation techniques.
Analyze the effectiveness of security solutions at least annually to address anticipated risk to the system and the organization based on current and accumulated threat intelligence.
Receive and respond to cyber threat intelligence from information sharing forums and sources and communicate to stakeholders.
Establish and maintain a cyber threat hunting capability to search for indicators of compromise in organizational systems and detect, track, and disrupt threats that evade existing controls.
Design network and system security capabilities to leverage, integrate, and share indicators of compromise.
Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.
Implement subnetworks for publicly accessible system components that are physically or logically separated from internal networks.
Prohibit remote activation of collaborative computing devices and provide indication of devices in use to users present at the device.
Use encrypted sessions for the management of network devices.
Employ FIPS-validated cryptography when used to protect the confidentiality of CUI.
Employ architectural designs, software development techniques, and systems engineering principles that promote effective information security within organizational systems.
Separate user functionality from system management functionality.
Prevent unauthorized and unintended information transfer via shared system resources.
Deny network communications traffic by default and allow network communications traffic by exception (i.e., deny all, permit by exception).
Prevent remote devices from simultaneously establishing non-remote connections with organizational systems and communicating via some other connection to resources in external networks (i.e., split tunneling).
Implement cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized disclosure of CUI during transmission unless otherwise protected by alternative physical safeguards.
Establish and manage cryptographic keys for cryptography employed in organizational systems.
Control and monitor the use of mobile code.
Control and monitor the use of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technologies.
Protect the authenticity of communications sessions.
Protect the confidentiality of CUI at rest.
Implement Domain Name System (DNS) filtering services.
Implement a policy restricting the publication of CUI on externally owned, publicly accessible websites (e.g., forums, LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter).
Employ physical and logical isolation techniques in the system and security architecture and/or where deemed appropriate by the organization.
Utilize threat intelligence to proactively block DNS requests from reaching malicious domains.
Employ mechanisms to analyze executable code and scripts (e.g., sandbox) traversing Internet network boundaries or other organizationally defined boundaries.
Isolate administration of organizationally defined high value critical network infrastructure components and servers.
Utilize a URL categorization service and implement techniques to enforce URL filtering of websites that are not approved by the organization.
Configure monitoring systems to record packets passing through the organization's Internet network boundaries and other organizationally defined boundaries.
Employ organizationally defined and tailored boundary protections in addition to commercially available solutions.
Enforce port and protocol compliance.
Identify, report, and correct information and information system flaws in a timely manner.
Provide protection from malicious code at appropriate locations within organizational information systems.
Update malicious code protection mechanisms when new releases are available.
Perform periodic scans of the information system and realtime scans of files from external sources as files are downloaded, opened, or executed.
Monitor system security alerts and advisories and take action in response.
Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks.
Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.
Employ spam protection mechanisms at information system access entry and exit points.
Implement email forgery protections.
Utilize sandboxing to detect or block potentially malicious email.
Use threat indicator information relevant to the information and systems being protected and effective mitigations obtained from external organizations to inform intrusion detection and threat hunting.
Analyze system behavior to detect and mitigate execution of normal system commands and scripts that indicate malicious actions.
Monitor individuals and system components on an ongoing basis for anomalous or suspicious behavior.
MITRE Enterprise ATT&CK v8.2 
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Data Obfuscation
Junk Data
Steganography
Protocol Impersonation
OS Credential Dumping
LSASS Memory
Security Account Manager
NTDS
LSA Secrets
Cached Domain Credentials
DCSync
Proc Filesystem
/etc/passwd and /etc/shadow
Fallback Channels
Exfiltration Over Other Network Medium
Exfiltration Over Bluetooth
Traffic Duplication
Remote Services
Remote Desktop Protocol
SMB/Windows Admin Shares
Distributed Component Object Model
SSH
VNC
Windows Remote Management
Obfuscated Files or Information
Software Packing
Scheduled Transfer
Data Transfer Size Limits
Masquerading
Invalid Code Signature
Rename System Utilities
Match Legitimate Name or Location
Boot or Logon Initialization Scripts
Logon Script (Windows)
Logon Script (Mac)
Network Logon Script
Rc.common
Startup Items
Network Sniffing
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel
Network Service Scanning
Windows Management Instrumentation
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol
Exfiltration Over Symmetric Encrypted Non-C2 Protocol
Exfiltration Over Asymmetric Encrypted Non-C2 Protocol
Exfiltration Over Unencrypted/Obfuscated Non-C2 Protocol
Exfiltration Over Physical Medium
Exfiltration over USB
Scheduled Task/Job
At (Linux)
At (Windows)
Cron
Launchd
Scheduled Task
Systemd Timers
Process Injection
Dynamic-link Library Injection
Portable Executable Injection
Thread Execution Hijacking
Asynchronous Procedure Call
Thread Local Storage
Ptrace System Calls
Proc Memory
Extra Window Memory Injection
Process Hollowing
Process Doppelgänging
VDSO Hijacking
GUI Input Capture
Web Portal Capture
Command and Scripting Interpreter
PowerShell
AppleScript
Windows Command Shell
Unix Shell
Visual Basic
Python
JavaScript/JScript
Network Device CLI
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation
Indicator Removal on Host
Clear Windows Event Logs
Clear Linux or Mac System Logs
Clear Command History
Application Layer Protocol
Web Protocols
File Transfer Protocols
Mail Protocols
DNS
Software Deployment Tools
Valid Accounts
Default Accounts
Domain Accounts
Local Accounts
Cloud Accounts
Taint Shared Content
Account Discovery
Local Account
Domain Account
Cloud Account
Proxy
Internal Proxy
External Proxy
Multi-hop Proxy
Replication Through Removable Media
Communication Through Removable Media
Non-Application Layer Protocol
Account Manipulation
Additional Cloud Credentials
Exchange Email Delegate Permissions
Add Office 365 Global Administrator Role
SSH Authorized Keys
Web Service
Dead Drop Resolver
Bidirectional Communication
One-Way Communication
Multi-Stage Channels
Ingress Tool Transfer
Native API
Brute Force
Password Guessing
Password Cracking
Password Spraying
Credential Stuffing
Two-Factor Authentication Interception
Modify Registry
Email Collection
Local Email Collection
Remote Email Collection
Email Forwarding Rule
Automated Collection
Trusted Developer Utilities Proxy Execution
MSBuild
Shared Modules
Data Encoding
Standard Encoding
Non-Standard Encoding
External Remote Services
Access Token Manipulation
Token Impersonation/Theft
Create Process with Token
Make and Impersonate Token
SID-History Injection
Network Share Discovery
Create Account
Local Account
Domain Account
Cloud Account
Office Application Startup
Office Template Macros
Office Test
Outlook Forms
Outlook Home Page
Outlook Rules
Browser Extensions
Man in the Browser
Forced Authentication
Drive-by Compromise
Exploit Public-Facing Application
Supply Chain Compromise
Compromise Software Dependencies and Development Tools
Compromise Software Supply Chain
Compromise Hardware Supply Chain
BITS Jobs
Trusted Relationship
Hardware Additions
Password Policy Discovery
Exploitation for Client Execution
User Execution
Malicious Link
Malicious File
Traffic Signaling
Port Knocking
Exploitation of Remote Services
Exploitation for Defense Evasion
Exploitation for Credential Access
Data from Information Repositories
Confluence
Sharepoint
Signed Script Proxy Execution
PubPrn
Signed Binary Proxy Execution
Compiled HTML File
Control Panel
CMSTP
InstallUtil
Mshta
Msiexec
Odbcconf
Regsvcs/Regasm
Regsvr32
Rundll32
Verclsid
Remote Access Software
XSL Script Processing
Template Injection
File and Directory Permissions Modification
Windows File and Directory Permissions Modification
Linux and Mac File and Directory Permissions Modification
Domain Trust Discovery
Domain Policy Modification
Group Policy Modification
Domain Trust Modification
Data Destruction
Data Encrypted for Impact
Service Stop
Inhibit System Recovery
Defacement
Internal Defacement
External Defacement
Firmware Corruption
Network Denial of Service
Direct Network Flood
Reflection Amplification
Endpoint Denial of Service
OS Exhaustion Flood
Service Exhaustion Flood
Application Exhaustion Flood
Application or System Exploitation
Server Software Component
SQL Stored Procedures
Transport Agent
Implant Container Image
Steal Application Access Token
Data from Cloud Storage Object
Unused/Unsupported Cloud Regions
Transfer Data to Cloud Account
Cloud Service Dashboard
Steal Web Session Cookie
Pre-OS Boot
System Firmware
Bootkit
ROMMONkit
TFTP Boot
Create or Modify System Process
Launch Agent
Systemd Service
Windows Service
Launch Daemon
Screensaver
Windows Management Instrumentation Event Subscription
.bash_profile and .bashrc
LC_LOAD_DYLIB Addition
Accessibility Features
AppCert DLLs
AppInit DLLs
Application Shimming
PowerShell Profile
Emond
Authentication Package
Time Providers
Winlogon Helper DLL
Security Support Provider
Kernel Modules and Extensions
Re-opened Applications
LSASS Driver
Shortcut Modification
Plist Modification
Print Processors
Abuse Elevation Control Mechanism
Setuid and Setgid
Bypass User Account Control
Sudo and Sudo Caching
Elevated Execution with Prompt
Use Alternate Authentication Material
Application Access Token
Pass the Hash
Pass the Ticket
Web Session Cookie
Unsecured Credentials
Credentials In Files
Credentials in Registry
Bash History
Private Keys
Cloud Instance Metadata API
Group Policy Preferences
Subvert Trust Controls
Gatekeeper Bypass
SIP and Trust Provider Hijacking
Install Root Certificate
Compromise Client Software Binary
Credentials from Password Stores
Keychain
Credentials from Web Browsers
Modify Authentication Process
Domain Controller Authentication
Password Filter DLL
Pluggable Authentication Modules
Network Device Authentication
Man-in-the-Middle
LLMNR/NBT-NS Poisoning and SMB Relay
ARP Cache Poisoning
Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets
Golden Ticket
Silver Ticket
Kerberoasting
AS-REP Roasting
Inter-Process Communication
Component Object Model
Dynamic Data Exchange
Archive Collected Data
Archive via Utility
Disk Wipe
Disk Content Wipe
Disk Structure Wipe
Impair Defenses
Disable or Modify Tools
Disable Windows Event Logging
Impair Command History Logging
Disable or Modify System Firewall
Indicator Blocking
Disable or Modify Cloud Firewall
Disable Cloud Logs
Remote Service Session Hijacking
SSH Hijacking
RDP Hijacking
Hidden Users
Hidden Window
NTFS File Attributes
Run Virtual Instance
VBA Stomping
Data Manipulation
Stored Data Manipulation
Transmitted Data Manipulation
Runtime Data Manipulation
Phishing
Spearphishing Attachment
Spearphishing Link
Spearphishing via Service
Exfiltration Over Web Service
Exfiltration to Code Repository
Exfiltration to Cloud Storage
Dynamic Resolution
Domain Generation Algorithms
System Services
Launchctl
Service Execution
Lateral Tool Transfer
Non-Standard Port
Protocol Tunneling
Encrypted Channel
Symmetric Cryptography
Asymmetric Cryptography
Hijack Execution Flow
DLL Search Order Hijacking
DLL Side-Loading
Dylib Hijacking
Executable Installer File Permissions Weakness
LD_PRELOAD
Path Interception by PATH Environment Variable
Path Interception by Search Order Hijacking
Path Interception by Unquoted Path
Services File Permissions Weakness
Services Registry Permissions Weakness
COR_PROFILER
Modify Cloud Compute Infrastructure
Create Snapshot
Create Cloud Instance
Delete Cloud Instance
Cloud Infrastructure Discovery
Gather Victim Network Information
Domain Properties
DNS
Network Topology
IP Addresses
Network Security Appliances
Active Scanning
Scanning IP Blocks
Vulnerability Scanning
Phishing for Information
Spearphishing Service
Spearphishing Attachment
Spearphishing Link
Network Boundary Bridging
Network Address Translation Traversal
Modify System Image
Patch System Image
Downgrade System Image
Data from Configuration Repository
SNMP (MIB Dump)
Network Device Configuration Dump
Forge Web Credentials
Web Cookies
SAML Tokens
NIST CSF 
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A baseline of network operations and expected data flows for users and systems is established and managed
Detected events are analyzed to understand attack targets and methods
Event data are collected and correlated from multiple sources and sensors
Impact of events is determined
Incident alert thresholds are established
The network is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events
The physical environment is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events
Personnel activity is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events
Malicious code is detected
Unauthorized mobile code is detected
External service provider activity is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events
Monitoring for unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software is performed
Vulnerability scans are performed
Roles and responsibilities for detection are well defined to ensure accountability
Detection activities comply with all applicable requirements
Detection processes are tested
Event detection information is communicated
Detection processes are continuously improved
Physical devices and systems within the organization are inventoried
Software platforms and applications within the organization are inventoried
Organizational communication and data flows are mapped
External information systems are catalogued
Resources (e.g., hardware, devices, data, time, personnel, and software) are prioritized based on their classification, criticality, and business value
Cybersecurity roles and responsibilities for the entire workforce and third-party stakeholders (e.g., suppliers, customers, partners) are established
The organization's role in the supply chain is identified and communicated
The organization's place in critical infrastructure and its industry sector is identified and communicated
Priorities for organizational mission, objectives, and activities are established and communicated
Dependencies and critical functions for delivery of critical services are established
Resilience requirements to support delivery of critical services are established for all operating states (e.g. under duress/attack, during recovery, normal operations)
Organizational cybersecurity policy is established and communicated
Cybersecurity roles and responsibilities are coordinated and aligned with internal roles and external partners
Legal and regulatory requirements regarding cybersecurity, including privacy and civil liberties obligations, are understood and managed
Governance and risk management processes address cybersecurity risks
Asset vulnerabilities are identified and documented
Cyber threat intelligence is received from information sharing forums and sources
Threats, both internal and external, are identified and documented
Potential business impacts and likelihoods are identified
Threats, vulnerabilities, likelihoods, and impacts are used to determine risk
Risk responses are identified and prioritized
Risk management processes are established, managed, and agreed to by organizational stakeholders
Organizational risk tolerance is determined and clearly expressed
The organization's determination of risk tolerance is informed by its role in critical infrastructure and sector specific risk analysis
Cyber supply chain risk management processes are identified, established, assessed, managed, and agreed to by organizational stakeholders
Suppliers and third party partners of information systems, components, and services are identified, prioritized, and assessed using a cyber supply chain risk assessment process
Contracts with suppliers and third-party partners are used to implement appropriate measures designed to meet the objectives of an organization’s cybersecurity program and Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management Plan.
Suppliers and third-party partners are routinely assessed using audits, test results, or other forms of evaluations to confirm they are meeting their contractual obligations.
Response and recovery planning and testing are conducted with suppliers and third-party providers
Identities and credentials are issued, managed, verified, revoked, and audited for authorized devices, users and processes
Physical access to assets is managed and protected
Remote access is managed
Access permissions and authorizations are managed, incorporating the principles of least privilege and separation of duties
Network integrity is protected (e.g., network segregation, network segmentation)
Users, devices, and other assets are authenticated (e.g., single-factor, multi-factor) commensurate with the risk of the transaction (e.g., individuals’ security and privacy risks and other organizational risks)
All users are informed and trained
Privileged users understand their roles and responsibilities
Third-party stakeholders (e.g., suppliers, customers, partners) understand their roles and responsibilities
Senior executives understand their roles and responsibilities