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Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Thunderbird Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

MS-ISAC ADVISORY NUMBER:

2019-115

DATE(S) ISSUED:

10/25/2019

OVERVIEW:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified in Mozilla Thunderbird, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Mozilla Thunderbird is an email client. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Mozilla Thunderbird versions prior to 68.2

RISK:

Government:
  • Large and medium government entities: HIGH
  • Small government entities: MEDIUM
Businesses:
  • Large and medium business entities: HIGH
  • Small business entities: MEDIUM
Home Users:
LOW

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified in Mozilla Thunderbird, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. In general, these flaws cannot be exploited through email in the Thunderbird product because scripting is disabled when reading mail, but are potentially risks in browser or browser-like contexts. Details of the vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A heap-based buffer over-read vulnerability in libexpat before 2.2.8 (CVE 2019-15903)
  • A use-after-free vulnerability that results in a potentially exploitable crash (CVE 2019-11757)
  • A memory safety bug when 360 Total Security is installed that could potentially be exploited to run arbitrary code (CVE 2019-11758)
  • A stack-based buffer overflow that could potentially allow for arbitrary code execution (CVE 2019-11759)
  • A stack-based buffer overflow in nrappkit that is potentially exploitable (CVE 2019-11760)
  • A vulnerability that allows access to the privileged JSONView object (CVE 2019-11761)
  • A vulnerability that allows for violation of document.domain origin isolation (CVE 2019-11762)
  • A vulnerability in HTML entity parsing that could allow for XSS protection bypass (CVE 2019-11763)
  • Memory safety bugs that could potentially be exploited to execute arbitrary code (CVE 2019-11764)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate updates provided by Mozilla to vulnerable systems, immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.

REFERENCES:

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