x
Limited Time Offer: Save up to 20% on a new CIS SecureSuite Membership | Learn more
×
Why CIS Solutions Join CIS Resources
CIS WorkBench Sign-in CIS WorkBench Sign In CIS Hardened Images CIS Hardened Images Support CIS Support


Why CIS

Who We Are

CIS is an independent, nonprofit organization with a mission to create confidence in the connected world



About Us Leadership Principles Testimonials

Solutions

secure your organization
Secure Your Organization


secure specific platforms
Secure Specific Platforms


cis securesuite CIS SecureSuite® Learn More      Apply Now  
u s state local tribal and territorial governments
U.S. State, Local, Tribal & Territorial Governments


View All Products & Services  

Join CIS

Get Involved

Join CIS as a member, partner, or volunteer - or explore our career opportunities



CIS SecureSuite® Membership Multi-State ISAC (MS-ISAC®) Elections Infrastructure ISAC (EI-ISAC®) CIS CyberMarket® Vendors CIS Communities Careers

Resources

resources
Resources


learn
Learn


filter by topic
Filter by Topic


View All Resources  
CIS Logo Show Search Expand Menu

Multiple Vulnerabilities in VMware vCenter Server Could Allow for Remote Code Execution

MS-ISAC ADVISORY NUMBER:

2021-117

DATE(S) ISSUED:

09/22/2021

OVERVIEW:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in VMware vCenter Server, which could result in remote code execution. VMware vCenter Server is a centralized management utility for VMware, and is used to manage virtual machines, multiple ESXi hosts, and all dependent components from a single centralized location. Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in context of the user running the application.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • vCenter Server prior to 7.0 Update 2d
  • vCenter Server prior to 6.7 Update 3o
  • vCenter Server prior to 6.5 Update 3q
  • VMware vCloud Foundation prior to version 4.3.1
  • VMware vCloud Foundation prior to version 3.10.2.2

RISK:

Government:
  • Large and medium government entities: HIGH
  • Small government entities: MEDIUM
Businesses:
  • Large and medium business entities: HIGH
  • Small business entities: MEDIUM
Home Users:
LOW

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in VMware vCenter Server, which could result in remote code execution. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to execute code on vCenter Server by uploading a specially crafted file. (CVE-2021-22005)
  • A malicious actor with non-administrative user access on vCenter Server host may exploit this issue to escalate privileges to Administrator on the vSphere Client (HTML5) or vCenter Server vSphere Web Client (FLEX/Flash). (CVE-2021-21991)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to access restricted endpoints. (CVE-2021-22006)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to perform unauthenticated VM network setting manipulation. (CVE-2021-22011)
  • An authenticated local user with non-administrative privilege may exploit these issues to elevate their privileges to root on vCenter Server Appliance. (CVE-2021-22015)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to gain access to sensitive information. (CVE-2021-22012, CVE-2021-22013)
  • An attacker may exploit this issue to execute malicious scripts by tricking a victim into clicking a malicious link. (CVE-2021-22016)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to bypass proxy leading to internal endpoints being accessed. (CVE-2021-22017)
  • An authenticated VAMI user with network access to port 5480 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to execute code on the underlying operating system that hosts vCenter Server. (CVE-2021-22014)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 9087 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to delete non critical files. (CVE-2021-22018)
  • A malicious actor with non-administrative user access to the vCenter Server vSphere Client (HTML5) and vCenter Server vSphere Web Client (FLEX/Flash) may exploit this issue to create a denial-of-service condition on the vCenter Server host. (CVE-2021-21992)
  • An authenticated user with non-administrative privilege may exploit this issue to gain access to sensitive information. (CVE-2021-22007)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 5480 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue by sending a specially crafted jsonrpc message to create a denial of service condition. (CVE-2021-22019)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit these issues to create a denial of service condition due to excessive memory consumption by VAPI service. (CVE-2021-22009)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to create a denial of service condition due to excessive memory consumption by VPXD service. (CVE-2021-22010)
  • A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue by sending a specially crafted jsonrpc message to gain access to sensitive information. (CVE-2021-22008)
  • Successful exploitation of this issue may allow an attacker to create a denial-of-service condition on vCenter Server. (CVE-2021-22020)
  • An authorized user with access to content library may exploit this issue by sending a POST request to vCenter Server leading to information disclosure. (CVE-2021-21993)

Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights. A pre-requisite of exploiting these vulnerabilities is that the malicious actor must have network access over port 443 to exploit these vulnerabilities. Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in context of the user running the application.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate updates provided by VMware to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Verify host has not been compromised before applying patches
  • Restrict network access to TCP port 443 to authorized hosts or accessible through a VPN
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.

REFERENCES:

Get Email Updates When Cyber Threats Like This Arise

Arrow Subscribe to Advisories

Related Resources





Arrow VMware

Information Hub : Advisories


CONTROL: 1 --- ADVISORY CONTROL: 0
CONTROL: 2 --- ADVISORY CONTROL: 0
CONTROL: 3 --- ADVISORY CONTROL: 0

Pencil Blog post 20 Oct 2021
CONTROL: 4 --- ADVISORY CONTROL: 0