Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

MS-ISAC ADVISORY NUMBER:

2020-031

DATE(S) ISSUED:

03/04/2020

OVERVIEW:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Google Android operating system (OS), the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution. Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices, including, but not limited to, smartphones, tablets, and watches. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution within the context of a privileged process. Depending on the privileges associated with this application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Android OS builds utilizing Security Patch Levels issued prior to March 5, 2020

RISK:

Government:
  • Large and medium government entities: HIGH
  • Small government entities: MEDIUM
Businesses:
  • Large and medium business entities: HIGH
  • Small business entities: MEDIUM
Home Users:
LOW

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution within the context of a privileged process. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Media framework. (CVE-2020-0033)
  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in MediaTek components. (CVE-2020-0069)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in Framework. (CVE-2020-0031)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in Media framework. (CVE-2020-0034)
  • Multiple arbitrary code vulnerabilities in Media framework. (CVE-2020-0032)
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in FPC components. (CVE-2020-0010, CVE-2020-0011, CVE-2020-0012)
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in Kernel components. (CVE-2019-19527, CVE-2019-19537, CVE-2020-0040, CVE-2020-0041)
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in System. (CVE-2019-2194, CVE-2020-0036)
  • Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities in FPC components. (CVE-2020-0042, CVE-2020-0043, CVE-2020-0044)
  • Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities in System. (CVE-2020-0029, CVE-2020-0035, CVE-2020-0037, CVE-2020-0038, CVE-2020-0039)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm closed-source components. (CVE-2019-2317, CVE-2019-10586, CVE-2019-10587, CVE-2019-10593, CVE-2019-10594, CVE-2019-10612, CVE-2019-14031, CVE-2019-14045, CVE-2019-14071, CVE-2019-14083, CVE-2019-14086, CVE-2019-14030, CVE-2019-14097, CVE-2019-14098, CVE-2019-10546, CVE-2019-14095, CVE-2018-11970, CVE-2019-10603, CVE-2019-10616, CVE-2019-10549, CVE-2019-10550, CVE-2019-10552, CVE-2019-10553, CVE-2019-10554, CVE-2019-10577, CVE-2019-14026, CVE-2019-14027, CVE-2019-14028, CVE-2019-2300, CVE-2019-2311, CVE-2019-14050, CVE-2019-14081, CVE-2019-14082, CVE-2019-14085, CVE-2019-14048, CVE-2019-14061, CVE-2019-10604, CVE-2019-10591, CVE-2019-14000, CVE-2019-14015)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components. (CVE-2018-11838, CVE-2019-14068, CVE-2019-14079, CVE-2019-10526, CVE-2019-10569, CVE-2019-14029, CVE-2019-14032, CVE-2019-14068, CVE-2019-14072)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution in the context of a privileged process. These vulnerabilities could be exploited through multiple methods such as email, web browsing, and MMS when processing media files. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate updates by Google Android or mobile carriers to vulnerable systems, immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Remind users to only download applications from trusted vendors in the Play Store.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources.

REFERENCES:

CVE:
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-11838 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-11970 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10526 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10546 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10549 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10550 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10552 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10553 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10554 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10569 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10577 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10586 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10587 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10591 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10593 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10594 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10603 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10604 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10612 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10616 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14000 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14015 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14026 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14027 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14028 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14029 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14030 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14031 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14032 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14045 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14048 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14050 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14061 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14068 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14068 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14071 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14072 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14079 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14081 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14082 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14083 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14085 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14086 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14095 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14097 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-14098 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-19527 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-19537 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2194 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2300 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2311 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2317 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0010 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0011 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0012 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0029 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0031 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0032 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0033 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0034 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0035 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0036 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0037 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0038 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0039 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0040 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0041 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0042 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0043 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0044 http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0069

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